6. Accounting principles (policy)

Significant accounting principles are presented in individual notes to these consolidated financial statements, except consolidation principles and the methods of accounting for business acquisitions (including jointly-controlled entities), which are presented below.

Consolidation principles and the methods of accounting for business acquisitions (including jointly-controlled entities):

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Consolidation
Entities over which the parent company, directly or indirectly through its subsidiaries, exercises control are regarded as subsidiaries.

Subsidiaries are consolidated using the full method from the date of assuming to the date of losing control. Financial statements of subsidiaries are prepared for the same reporting period as those of the Parent Company, based on the consistent accounting principles. Balances and transactions between the Group entities, including unrealised gains and losses (if not indicating impairment) which result from transactions within the Group, are eliminated.

Business acquisitions
Business acquisitions are accounted for using the acquisition method. As at the acquisition date, the acquiring entity recognises identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed, which are measured at their fair values.

Goodwill is measured as the excess of the aggregate of the consideration transferred for the acquisition, the amount of any non-controlling interest in the acquired entity and the acquisition date fair value of the acquirer’s previously held equity interest in the acquired entity over the net amount determined for the acquisition date of fair values of the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities and contingent liabilities assumed. If the aforementioned difference is negative, the Group reassesses the identification and valuation of identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the acquired entity and the fair value of the payment and immediately recognises in the statement of comprehensive income any surplus remaining after the reassessment (profit from a bargain purchase).

Where the assets acquired do not constitute a business as defined in IFRS 3 Business Combinations, the Group accounts for the transaction as the acquisition of assets.

Acquisition of businesses under common control of the State Treasury
Combinations of businesses under common control of the State Treasury (i.e. those which have remained under the control of the State Treasury before and after the transaction) are accounted for using the pooling of interest method in accordance with the principles described below.

Following the business combination, the continuity of common control is presented in the financial statements, while the fair value remeasurement of the net assets (or recognition of new assets) or measurement of goodwill are not presented therein, as none of the entities combined is actually acquired. The financial statements are prepared as if the combined entities had been combined as of the date when common control began to be exercised.

The difference between the book value of the net assets recognized as a result of a business combination and the value of shares recognised in the accounting records of the acquirer thus far or consideration paid is recognised in the equity of the acquirer.